While we serve the elderly of many tribes, there are a few that we are focusing on a present.
Hopi – The Hopi name means “The Peaceful Ones,” and many remaining Hopi live on a 1.5 million acre reservation in northeast Arizona. he Hopi have occupied the same area longer than any other tribe in the United States. According to the 2010 census here were more than 18,000 Hopi Indians identified. The Hopi were farmers, and they also hunted in their native Arizona. They grew a wide variety of vegetables, as well as cotton and tobacco. The Hopi were part of the Pueblo people who built apartment communities in cliffs and the sides of mountains. Their territory extended into what is now New Mexico and Colorado.
Pasqua Yaqui – This is a tribe of the Yaqui Naive Americans that live in southern Arizona. They are descended from the Aztec people of Mexico. They began in the United States in southern Arizona, settling south of Tucson and around Nogales in southern Arizona in the late 19th century. They were not recognized by the U.S. Government until 1978. Their reservation is in Pima County around Tucson. Its reservation is relatively small at 1,194 acres and there were 3,315 people identifying as part of this tribe in the 2000 census.
Tohono O’odham – The Tohono O’odham nation is in south central Arizona, with parts in the United States and parts in Mexico. For about 75 miles in south Arizona, the nation straddles the border. There are about 28,000 members of this tribe living in the area, and nine of the communities are in Mexico. For many years the entire area was in Mexico, but much of it was transferred to the United States with the Gadsden Purchase of 1853. For many years it made little difference as the border was not well defined or enforced. It has become a bigger issue in recent years, and people face problems if a wall is built between the United States and Mexico. With more border enforcement it also makes it difficult for people living on the Mexican side of the reservation to get services on the American side.
Blackfeet – The Blackfoot Tribe, also called blackfeet, migrated from the Great Lakes area to the high plains of Montana, Idaho and Alberta in southern Canada. There is a reservation in the U.S. and one in Canada. The one in the United States has about 10,000 residents. The Blackfoot were great hunters who relied on the buffalo, and they had a reputation of no getting along well with those around them. Their reservation today is beside Glacier National Park in Montana, and it is the 13th largest reservation in the United States. One of the great traditions is the Sun Dance held every summer, and it has been held for a very long time. It lasts four days in the town of Browning.
Turtle Mountain Chippewa – The Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa reservation is in north central North Dakota. I is on a six mile by 12 mile area that is about 12 miles south of the Canadian border. It is one of the most densely populated reservations, and its five towns, if taken together would make it the fifth largest city in the state. The tribe has 30,000 members, and 5,815 live on the Turtle Mountain reservation. The Turtle Mountain Chippewa were the first tribe to ban hydraulic fracking. While the area has attracted several businesses, about one third of the people on the reservation are unemployed and the poverty level is high, particularly among the elderly.
Seneca Nation – The Seneca Nation is in western New York, and the westernmost group of the six nations of Iroquois. There are two reservations in western New York, and a third in Oklahoma, and about 10,000 people are registered as part of this group. The Seneca were prosperous before they met Europeans in the early 1600s. They were on the losing side of the American Revolution and lost much land after that. Today the Seneca have many businesses and are active in the tourism industry, which includes land based casinos, online casinos filled with casino slot machines, general tourism and local business operations. The Seneca are one of the largest employers in western New York. They operate three casinos, three gaming facilities, as well as campgrounds, museums and cultural exhibits. The Seneca have also taken on the federal government in several lawsuits, and have won some of those battles in court.